segunda-feira, 12 de dezembro de 2011
Melhorar o solo / Mulch and fertilizer, two steps for a better soil
I've been reading "The Organic Way to Mulching" which, obviously, made think about mulching. Mulching is important in the vegetable garden because it protects the soil and with time it helps improving it. Mulch keeps the tiny soil creatures protected from sun and desiccation, so that they are free to do their job. With time mulch (if organic) will decompose and be incorporated in the soil improving it. Mulch also helps to keep the soil moist and diminishes the need to water your garden. So I decided to mulch my vegetable garden with straw. The straw will decompose and turn into organic matter that will much improve the soil. Organic matter makes the soil looser, aerated facilitating root growth.
Além da palha, este ano arranjei estrume de cavalo já compostado que adicionei a todas as camas. Embora já se note a diferença entre o solo das camas e o solo não trabalhado que as rodeia ainda lhe falta muita materia organica (apesar do composto e estrume). Outra experiencia que fiz este ano foi a de enterrar directamente numa das camas os restos da cozinha que deveriam ir para o compostor. Deste modo, acho eu, serãodirectamente compostados e integrados no solo. Essa cama só será plantada na primavera de modo a que o processo de compostagem se complete.
Added to the straw mulch I also mixed horse manure in every bed. The manure was already well composted so I could use it right away. This will increase the amount of organic matter in the soil, which is one of my main goals since the biggest problem of my soil is lack of organic matter. I aslo tried something new (as an experiment in one of the beds) which is to bury all the vegetable matter that would be tossed in the compost bin. This way it will decompose directly in the soil and be immediately incorporated. We shall see how it works.